D-Pantothenic Acid is a water-soluble vitamin that is present in all living cells. Vitamin B5 is primarily used in the production of coenzyme A (CoA) and the formation of the neurotransmitter acetylcholine.

Pantothenic acid is found in high concentrations in the liver and kidney and is important in synthesizing porphyrin, a precursor of heme needed in the production of hemoglobin.

The principle supplemental form of pantothenic acid is synthetically formed D-calcium Pantothenate. Up to 50% of natural Pantothenic acid is lost in food processing from heat.

Functions of Pantothenic acid:

  • Component of Coenzyme-A (CoA), which is involved in the metabolism of fatty acids
  • CoA is involved in many important biological reactions such as:
    • Synthesis of acetylcholine
    • Nerve impulse
    • Synthesis of heme
    • Synthesis of cholesterol
    • Synthesis of steroids
  • Involved in the citrate cycle
  • Involved in the metabolism of fat and sugar to energy.